Property Rights Foundation of America®
Founded 1994

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Site Guide
An alphabetical listing of articles and information relating to
private property rights issues.

"Radioactivity in Cigarette Smoke"
- By Carol W. LaGrasse, P.E., 1986
Radioactivity in cigarette smoke is one of the prime factors incausing lung cancer. Death ratios among smokers from other causes are greatly elevated above those of non-smokers.
The Rails-to-Trails Movement
- Speech by Richard Welsh from Proceedings of the Third Annual New York Conference on Private Property Rights (PRFA, 1998).
Rails to Trails - New York Litigation Over Reversionary Rights of Landowners
- Speech by D. Alan Wrigley from Proceedings of the Second Annual New York Conference on Private Property Rights (PRFA, 1996).

Rails to Trails - National

- Index page of articles and information about the Rails to Trails movement.
"The Rampant Injustice of Eminent Domain"
- By Nate Dickinson (PRFA, November 14, 2004)
Review of Abuse of Power—How the Government Misuses Eminent Domain by Steven Greenhut (Seven Locks Press 2004)
Master planners are using "blight" declarations and urban redevelopment to sack neighborhoods in a nationwide nightmare of eminent domain. People are fighting back to protect their private property rights.
"Rancher Frank Robbins Loses at the Supreme Court"
- By Carol W. LaGrasse, Reprinted from the New York Property Rights Clearinghouse, Vol. 11, No. 3 (PRFA Summer 2007.
In June, the U.S. Supreme Court handed down a mercurial decision in Robbins v. Wilkie reversing the jury verdict that Bureau of Land Management officials violated the Fifth Amendment private property rights of Frank Robbins by repeatedly harassing him to retaliate because he refused to grant a free right-of-way easement across his Wyoming ranch. Only Justice Ruth Bader Ginsberg held that Robbins' property rights deserved protection.
Ranchers should sound the alarm about this procedure of corrupting the title to land
- Op Ed by Carol W. LaGrasse, Published in Agri News, Billings, Montana, January 19, 2001.

Rangeland and Grazing

- Index page of articles and information about Rangeland and Grazing.
Reaching out on the Web—Unlimited Outreach
- Speech by Lee Ann Gerhart from the Fifth Annual New York State Conference on Private Property Rights, October 21, 2000, Albany, New York.
 Reaching Your Representative
- Index page of articles and information about how to reach your U.S. Senators and Representatives.
"Reaching Your Representative"
- By Jeff Williams, Assistant Director of Governmental Relations, New York Farm Bureau; speech delivered at the Fifth Annual New York Conference on Private Property Rights, Albany, NY (PRFA, 2000)

Real Estate Tax and Assessments - National

- Index page of articles and information about real estate tax and assessments on the national scene.

Real Estate Tax and Assessments - New York

- Index page of articles and information about real estate tax and assessments in New York.
"Recommendations for Reform of the DEC Open Space Conservation Plan,"
- Chapter 16, The Property Owner's Experience - by Carol W. LaGrasse (PRFA, 1998).
"Recommendations for Reform of the State's Use of Non-Government Entities Such As Land Trusts in Land Acquisition,"
- Chapter 14, The Property Owner's Experience - by Carol W. LaGrasse (PRFA, 1998).
Reforms to Restore Property Rights in New York State
- A speech by Carol W. LaGrasse at the Annual Convention of the New York State Libertarian party, April 30, 2000.
Regarding Canadian Lynx and ESA
- reprinted from the Congressional Record Thursday, January 24, 2002, by Hon. Richard W. Pombo of California in the House of Representatives

Regulatory Abuse of Small Business - New York

- Index page of articles and information about the Regulatory Abuse of Small Business in New York.
"Regulatory Taking Compensation—The Successful Oregon Measure 37 Referendum"
- By Bill Moshofsky, President, Oregonians in Action, Tigard, Oregon; Speech to the Ninth Annual Conference on Private Property Rights (PRFA, Albany, N.Y. October 22, 2005)
The Oregon Measure 37 referendum created a solution to the "regulatory overkill" that besets Oregon's property owners, under arguably the strictest land use planning regulations in the country, excessive wetlands, endangered species and forest practice regulation. Oregonians in Action is still fighting against government's attempt to nullify the law.
"Renegotiating the Conservation Easement—A Proposed Defense for Landowners"
- By Carol W. LaGrasse (PRFA, Feb. 24, 2002)
The article proposes as a partial answer to various problems related to the perpetual inflexibility of conservation easements that the conservation easement incorporate renegotiation provisions to be automatically activated at certain intervals.
Rent Control
- Speech by Marcy Ellin Boucher from Proceedings of the Third Annual New York Conference of Private Property Rights (PRFA, 1998).
Rent Control - Litigation to Protect Property Rights of Landlords
- Speech by Sam Kazman from Proceedings of the Second Annual New York Conference on Private Property Rights (PRFA, 1996).

Rent Control - National

- Index page of articles and information about rent nationally.
Rent Control - New York
- Index page of articles and information about rent control in New York.

Religioud Institutions

- Index page of articles and information about property rights issues involving religious institutions.
"Repealing the Death Tax—Preserving Small Businesses"
- By Dick Patten, Executive Director, American Family Business Institute, Washington, D.C.; Speech to the Eighth Annual Conference on Private Property Rights (PRFA, Albany, N.Y. October 23, 2004)
Private property rights were held to be absolutely inalienable in the American constitutional system. But the Communist Manifesto of Marx and Engels began to have influence, calling for the abolition of private property and inheritance. The 10% inheritance tax of World War I rose to 77% by 1941, and is currently at 48%. A close battle rages in the U.S. Senate for permanent repeal.
Resolution 176 -99
- Saratoga County Board of Supervisors resolution No. 176-99, "Requesting the Withdrawal of Proposed Wetland Maps for Saratoga County until, at a minimum, a program to provide reimbursement of local tax revenue is implemented by the State of New York," October 19, 1999.
Resolution Opposing the Acquisition by the People of the State of New York of Forest Lands Reputedly Owned by Oval Wood Dish Corporation
-A Resolution passed unamimously by the Town Board, Town of Altamont, Franklin County, New York.
"Restoring Constitutionality and Rationality to
Environmental Protection"
- By Becky Norton Dunlop, Vice President, The Heritage Foundation, Washington, D.C.; Speech to the Eighth Annual Conference on Private Property Rights (PRFA, Albany, N.Y. October 23, 2004)
Environmental policies that emanate from liberty are the most successful. But constitutional principles of liberty, private property, due process, speech trials, and just compensation have been diminished in the name of environmental protection. We must advance an ownership society. Communicating with Congress and networking with potential allies are essential.
Reward offered for arsonists
- OLD FORGE—The Adirondack League Club is advertising a $5,000 reward in several Adirondack newspapers to anyone who provides information resulting in the identification, arrest and conviction of the person(s) who burned two of the club's camps to the ground within the last year. From the Hamilton County News, Sept. 18, 2001, By Virginia Germer, News Correspondent
Richard Pombo Named Chairman of the House Resources Committee — Nationwide Victory for the Private Property Rights and Wise use Movement
-Press release from the America Land Rights Foundation:
On January 8, 2003, the star Congressman for private property rights, Richard Pombo, a rancher from California, was named Chairman of the all-important House Resources Committee, which has been key to issues such as heritage areas, UNESCO Biosphere Reserves, endangered species, and land grabs and lockups involving the National Park Service and its parent agency, the Department of Interior. The selection of Mr. Pombo is a great victory because he has stalwartly defended private property in arenas ranging from unjust wetlands regulation to proposed designations of Heritage areas.
"RICO Action-Rancher Stops BLM Access Extortion"
- By Karen Budd-Falen, Esq., Senior Attorney, Budd-Falen Law Office, Cheyenne, Wyoming, Tenth Annual National Conference on Private Property Rights (PRFA, Albany, N.Y., October 14, 2006)
When officials of the federal Bureau of Land Management used repeated harassment to try to intimidate Frank Robbins into granting an easement across his property, the owner of High Island Ranch in Wyoming sued the individual officials under RICO, the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act. The Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals ruled in favor of Robbins.
"The Rights of Religious Institutions Facing Zoning and Historic Preservation"
- By Roman P. Storzer, Storzer & Greene, P.L.L.C. Washington, D.C.; Twelfth Annual National Conference on Private Property Rights (PRFA, Albany, N.Y., October 18, 2008)
In no other area is there as much restriction on religious exercise, a First Amendment freedom, than in the land use context, with possibly the exception of prisoners. The federal Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act, RLUIPA, targets landmarking and land use laws. Zoning boards no longer hold all the power. Churches, mosques and temples can go to court and get redress under a relatively strong standard of review.
"Rise Up - A Call to Regain Private Property Rights After Kelo v. New London"
- By Carol W. LaGrasse, (PRFA, July 2005)
Each of us should take on the task of counteracting the U.S. Supreme Court's Susette Kelo v. City of New London decision. We must use our influence on local government and the state legislature to prohibit eminent domain to take property from one private owner to transfer it to another private person for the purpose of economic development.
Roadless Area Management in National Forests — Proposed Rulemaking
- Letter to U.S. Forest Service from Carol W. LaGrasse
(PRFA, November 15, 2004)
Access for fire suppression; productive use of forests, including motorized and non-motorized travel, hunting, grazing, forestry and mining; and historic roadway uses are essential considerations. Forest health, the economic vitality of the locality and the nation, and local participation should be paramount; radical preservation agendas should be rejected.
"Roads and Trails Open to Motor Vehicle use By People With Mobility Impairment Disabilities"
- New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, August 29, 2001
This 16-page chart lists and gives the basic access information to 165 roads and trails into State-owned land throughout New York that are now open to motor vehicle use by people with "mobility impairment disabilities." The roads and trails are located from Suffolk County to St. Lawrence County. The official chart represents an important step in the practical implementation of the 2001 court settlement won in the Galusha lawsuit for handicapped access to State-owned land. Additional accessible roads and trails are being opened and created to enter wildlands, which were the subject of the lawsuit. The applicable disabilities include limitations on sight as well as what are popularly understood to be limitations on mobility. Consult DEC for more details, such as the permit requirements.
"Rochester Landlords Fight Rezoning—Rezoning Two-family Areas to Single-family will Hurt Landlords and Tenants"
- By Carol W. LaGrasse (PRFA, October 1, 2002)
Code and crime crackdowns across the large areas of land that are newly zoned to single-family in low- and moderate-income neighborhoods, threaten to cause houses to be "unoccupied" for a time period that triggers the loss of grandfathering of affordable rental units in two-family houses.
"Root Shock—How Tearing Up City Neighborhoods Hurts America and What We Can Do About It"
- By Dr. Mindy Fullilove, New York State Psychiatric Institute and Professor of Clinical Psychiatry and Public Health at Columbia University, New York, New York; Speech to the Eighth Annual Conference on Private Property Rights (PRFA, Albany, N.Y. October 23, 2004)
People love the buildings they live in and their neighborhoods. When urban renewal destroyed 1,600 African American neighborhoods in the fifties and sixties, the losses were horrific. The black people called it "Negro removal." Vibrant neighborhoods were lost. Nine out of ten jazz clubs died.
"Rules of Engagement"
-By Carol W. LaGrasse, President, Property Rights Foundation of America. Speech to the Ninth Annual National Conference on Private Property Rights (PRFA, Albany, N.Y., October 22, 2005)
"First of all, fight to win. Set your goals. Speak your issue clearly to be heard by the government and by those who can follow you," begins Carol LaGrasse's short, to-the-point summary of the basic, essential rules for grassroots success in defending private property rights at every level.
"Rural Cleansing of the State of Maine"
- by Jonathan Reisman, Associate Professor, University of Maine, Machias (Sixth Annual New York Conference on Private Property Rights, PRFA, November 16, 2002)
How religious environmentalism, anti-capitalism, and the Endangered Species Act are destroying a rural natural resource-based economy.

Rural Depopulation

- Index page of articles and information about rural depopulation on the national scene.
Rural New York
A letter to the Editor in The Windham Journal Jan. 3, 2002, by Evelyn M. Rikard, about New York State's and New York City's treatment of the property owners in the New York City Watershed.
 "Rural Utahns for Local Solutions: New Developments - Heritage Areas"
- By Brad Van Dyke, Rural Utahns Media Release, June 22, 2004
The Heritage Alliance worked out a deal with County Commissioners who wanted changes in the Mormon Pioneer National Heritage Area legislation to include resource-based industry instead of solely crafters, artisans, and tourism. The Commissioners instead were given a place on the Alliance board of directors.
Rural Utahns for Local Solutions letter to U.S. Senator Robert F. Bennett in Opposition to the National Mormon Pioneer Heritage Area
- By Brad Van Dyke, June 10, 2003
The proposed National Mormon Pioneer Heritage Area has no local support in spite of claims to the contrary, threatens private property rights with central control over land use, favors low-paying tourism jobs while threatening to drive up the price of property so that local people can not afford to live where they work, and threatens the independent local heritage of the Mormon culture. Property owners in the area of the Capital Reefs National Park, to be included in the National Heritage Area, are fed up with the Park Service, which has closed down family logging businesses to preserve the viewshed.
Russians May Own Land
- President Putin Signs Landownership Bill Passed by Both Houses of Parliament.

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