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Site Guide
An alphabetical listing of articles and information relating to
private property rights issues.

"Sacandaga Lake property owner Faults Adirondack Life Article" — Letter to the Editor by Guy Poulin, March 2005.
- Access permit holders maintain the shoreline, pay income to the Hudson River - Black River Regulating District, and pay premium local property taxes. The April Adirondack Life article attacking the permit holders had many important errors.

 Sacandaga Reservoir - New York Index

- Index page of information about the Sacandaga Reservoir in New York State.
Santa Cruz Island—Just Compensation from the National Park Service
- Speech by Roger M. Sullivan from Proceedings of the Fourth Annual New York Conference on Private Property Rights (1999).
"Saratoga County Canalway Trail Shrouded in Secrecy—Trail Planned along Champlain Canal Route through Saratoga and Washington Counties"
- By Carol W. LaGrasse (PRFA, October 22, 2002)
The New York State Canal Corporation, National Park Service, and the New York Parks and Conservation are very quietly garnering support for an elaborately planned proposal with federal funding to build an uninterrupted 26-mile trail along the active and abandoned Champlain Canal route from Waterford through Saratoga County, to be followed by another 22 miles through Washington County to Whitehall. The abandoned and active sections of the canal pass through or adjacent to private houses and backyards, businesses, farms, and other private property, but the property owners are not being given information.

Scenic Byways and All-American Roads - New York

- Index page of information about Scenic Byways and All American Roads—New York

Scenic Byways and All-American Roads - National

- Index page of information about Scenic Byways and All American Roads—National
"Scenic Byways — Innocent Sounding Land Management"
- By Susan Allen, Adirondack Park Agency Reporter, Speech to Seventh Annual New York Conference on Private Property Rights (PRFA, October 18, 2003)
A succession of interlocking programs and preservation plans in northeastern New York build a juggernaut of restrictions on private Property. Included are federal and state Scenic Byways, Heritage Areas and watershed management.
"Scenic Byways Postscript"
- By Susan Allen (PRFA, March 2007)
Official publications for the Olympic Scenic Byway in northern New York reveal that local government resolutions to opt out were disregarded and that the Byway promotes wilderness values rather than local tourism facilities. The State's regional regulatory and zoning agency, the Adirondack Park Agency, is making a "Corridor Management Plan" for the tributary Scenic Byway, the "High Peaks Byway."
"The Secret to Organizing"
- By Carol W. LaGrasse, President, Property Rights Foundation of America, Inc. (Property Rights Foundation of America, Inc., Position Brief, August 2008)
After citizens begin to express their anger about an issue such as eminent domain for private development, often elected officials will jump at the occasion to impress the public at a public meeting. The citizen should view this as an opportunity to bring the elected official on board and keep up the heat until victory is won.
"Senate Committee Issues Report on Property Tax Exemptions"
- Reprinted from the New York Property Rights Clearinghouse, Vol. 14, No. 1, Winter 2010, Property Rights Foundation of America
The Senate staff issued a report in December 2009 to the New York State Select Committee on Budget and Tax Reform on the needs for and costs of the state's property tax exemptions. During the discussion at the Select Committee roundtable meeting in October, Carol LaGrasse, President of the Property Rights Foundation of America and a member of the Select Committee, advocated a "proportionality method " to apply nonprofit tax exemptions.
"Senate Drops Stealth Measure for Capitol Gains Tax Relief"
- By Carol W. LaGrasse (PRFA, June 24, 2002) A capital gains tax credit of 25 percent was to favor landowners who sell land or conservation easements to land trusts or government. This "conservation" provision was hidden in Bush's "Faith-based Initiative."
Senator John A. DeFrancisco Proposes Limits to Eminent Domain - Letter to Carol W. LaGrasse, November 30, 2005
- Senator DeFrancisco has introduced S. 5938, a bill with three main components to reform the state's eminent domain laws. First, it limits the use of eminent domain to true public projects, such as the construction of highways, schools, or parks.
Senator Owen H. Johnson Introduces Bill for
Tax Abatement for Wetlands Property Owners
- Legislative Update, April 18, 2001.
"Senators Betty Little & John Bonacic Stand Firm"
- By Carol W. LaGrasse (Reprinted from N.Y. Property Rights Clearinghouse, Summer 2003)
The Nature Conservancy, other non-profits attack New York State Senators' real estate tax reform bills. Washington Post article exposes Conservancy corruption.
"Shaky Foundations - The Exaggerated Basis for Environmental Land-Use Controls"
- Jay H. Lehr, Ph.D., President Environmental Education Enterprises, Inc., Ostrander, Ohio, Reprinted from the Proceedings of the Third Annual New York Conference on Private Property Rights (PRFA, 1998)
An environmental scientist for 44 years who helped write every piece of federal environmental legislation between 1965 and 1987, Jay Lehr states that today's wetlands enforcement is irrational; that the Endangered Species Act is one of "the most terrible pieces of legislation in the whole environmental arena"; that pollution of our air, water, soil, and from solid waste has been greatly curtailed; and that some issues, including radon and ozone, are a farce.
"Shock Zoning—Responding to Extreme Regulation of Private Property"
- By Carol W. LaGrasse, Speech delivered to the New York State Coalition of Property Owners and Businesses, Rochester, N.Y., Sept. 19, 2002
Rochester's proposed 543-page revised zoning code will down-zone most of the sprawling city to single-family residences, creating 8,792 non-conforming two-family homes. These and thousands of other non-conformities the new law would create, the City's "Point System" related to criminal behavior of occupants, multi-agency police searches of entire blocks of low-income residences for building violations, and the City's proposed automatic abandonment rules appear to be designed to cause landlords to forfeit their property. City-acquired abandoned properties now generally become vacant lots with some redeveloped into a limited number of new government-funded houses, consistent with the City's expressed plan to create more "open space." The speech also discusses relevant zoning case law and possible organizing tactics.
"Signage issues plague Scenic Byways project"
- By Lee Manchester, News Staff Writer, Lake Placid News, February 21, 2003. (Reprinted by permission of the Lake Placid News.)
A controversy rages over the Olympic Trail Scenic Byway. Judy Ford, a Clintonville businesswoman, made public a letter from the N.Y. State DOT stating that a 1991 federal law "contained a provision prohibiting the erection of new signs adjacent to any federally funded highways designated as scenic byways."
Skate Creek Club
- Photos of the Skate Creek Hunting Club slated for demolition by New York State.
"A Slew of Property Rights Bills Submitted to State Legislature"
- By Carol W. LaGrasse (PRFA, June 2006)
Bi-partisan bills in the New York State Legislature tackle eminent domain reform, local permit applicant uncertainty, and uniformity of Adirondack regulations with statewide rules, as well as economic impact of Adirondack Park Agency and DEC planning.

Smart Growth and Urban Sprawl

- Index page of information about "smart growth."
"Smart Growth Shows
Its Ugly Side"
- Kay McClanahan, Eastover, South Carolina (Reprinted by permission of author)
South Carolina landowners face off against Richland County's "Town and Country Land Use Plan" and the National Park Service's expansion of Congaree Swamp National Monument to a National Park. Many Black farmers are descendants of freed slaves who purchased their land after the Civil War.
"'Smart Growth' to the Rescue"
- By Carol W. LaGrasse (PRFA, July 27, 2007)
The Spitzer Administration announced on July 17 that it was setting aside $1 million for "smart growth" planning to revitalize the economy of the Adirondack region. But the Adirondack region already suffers from the groundbreaking 1973 smart growth-style Adirondack Park Agency Act. The economic difficulty of the of the 12-county Adirondack region is caused by the State Adirondack Park Agency's radical land use controls and the State's voracious appetite for land, driving up the price of real estate beyond local means and leaving little land for any practical use.
Social Property
and the New Feudalism
- Speech by John McClaughry from Proceedings of the Second Annual N. Y. Conference on Private Property Rights (PRFA, 1996).
Sonar Demonstration Project in Lake George — It's not about the science, it's about the secrecy.
- In July, the Adirondack Park Agency Commissioners sent to a public hearing the Lake George Park Commission's application for a trial of the herbicide Sonar, but it was a public hearing that was closed to the public.
"A Sound, Consistent Policy" - "Worth Commenting"
- By Carol W. LaGrasse, PRFA, January 2008
Since 1886, the State has paid real estate taxes on its Adirondack Forest Preserve, now amounting to three million acres contained within the six million-acre "Blue Line" of government and private land in northern New York, because the State-owned lands provide a statewide benefit of, first, watershed protection, and, additionally, more recently, environmental preservation envisioned by statewide residents. The economic sacrifice of the 100-plus towns and villages in the Adirondacks has been recognized for over a century, as well. Legal action to end these tax payments, in Dillenburg vs. State of New York, is not justified.
"Southampton Property Owner Wins Takings Compensation for Wetlands Regulation"
- By James E. Morgan, Attorney, Galvin & Morgan (Reprinted from the New York Property Rights Clearinghouse, Winter 2004)
The New York State Appellate Court ruled in 2003 that Stanley Friedburg deserves compensation for the application of regulation under the Tidal Wetlands Act because the burden to benefit the public good was to be borne essentially by him and because "the denial of the permit destroyed all but a bare residue of economic value of the property."
"Speech to Watauga County Board of Commissioners"
- By Madeline K. Carter, March 2006 (Printed by Permission)
This eloquent little speech confronts the commissioners of Watauga County, North Carolina, with using psychologically controlled Delphi Technique at community meetings to lock out the electorate from the constitutional process.
St. Lawrence County Votes to Join Lawsuit Challenging State Acquisition of Champion International Land
- Press release—December 7, 1999.
St. Regis Club
- Photos of the St. Regis Hunting Club slated for demolition by New York State.
State must come to aid of wetlands owners
- Letter to the Editor, by Carol W. LaGrasse, Daily Gazette, Schenectady, N.Y., December 15, 2000.
State Computer Records Threaten Privacy of Homeowners
- When local assessment records are computerized, enforcement officers can easily use them, by Carol W. LaGrasse.
"State Legislation to Protect Private Property Owners"
- By W. Christopher Doss, Virginia Department of Environmental Quality, Reprinted from Proceedings of the First Annual Conference on Private Property Rights (PRFA, 1995)
Large corporations and developers are delighted with regulation, because that helps cut down on competition. Chris Doss's important ideas include the first mention of "informed consent for conservation easements" and "mandated review property taxes" after regulation decreases property value.
State Sen. Velmanette Montgomery Testifies on Downtown Brooklyn Plan
- The Arena Complex, Atlantic Terminal Complex, and BAM LDC Complex are part of the Downtown redevelopment plan, and could radically change the borough of Brooklyn. Blank walls of high rise buildings would create hostile streets. Eminent domain might be used for private developments. Funding could instead preserve history and rehabilitate Downtown, rather than tearing it down.
"A State Snowmobile Plan & the Local Economy"
- By Carol W. LaGrasse, PRFA, July 3, 2010
The benefit of new "connector" trails for the Jessup River Wild Forest plan, which are said to connect communities, without access via established spurs, along with the unnecessary elimination of local connectors that serve the relatively densely populated area of Lake Pleasant and Oxbow Lake, in addition to closing perfectly good trails that pass over lakes, would hurt the local businesses and simply cut off the snowmobile clientele of the Oxbow Inn.
"Statement by the National Cattlemen's Beef Association & Public Lands Council on Livestock Grazing on Public Lands - Submitted to the Subcommittee on Forest and Forest Health, The Honorable Greg Waldren, Chairman, of the House Committee on Resources, The Honorable Richard Pombo, Chairman - By Mr. Jim Chilton, April 13, 2005"
- Describing the lawsuit assaults by the Center for Biological Diversity and the Forest Guardians to enjoin cattle grazing on the Chilton's federal grazing allotments, Jim Chilton lays bare the way that radical preservationists have hijacked the failed Endangered Species Act for purposes that Congress did not intend.
Statement for Public Hearing re: Cold Brook Properties
APA Project No. 2000-158
Proposed Single Family Dwelling on Lens Lake, Stony Creek, N.Y.
- by Carol W. LaGrasse , Stony Creek Town Hall, September 26, 2001.
"Statement in Opposition to 42-acre Zoning in Town of Queensbury"
- By Carol W. LaGrasse, President, Property Rights Foundation of America, Queensbury Town Hall, Queensbury, N.Y., January 10, 2005
The town board proposed radical, dead-end zoning of 42 acres per lot for 22 percent of the land, the same as the strictest zoning in the Adirondack Park. Section 265 of the Town Law provides for a 3/4 vote of the town board if owners of 20 percent of the affected land object. Low-income workers already have difficulty finding housing, according to a 2003 statement about the success of their open space plan by the town's planner.
Statement in Opposition to APA/DEC Plans for Moose River Plains
- E-mail to APA/DEC by Carol W. LaGrasse, PRFA, September 16, 2010
Sportsmen beware: The extreme plans for this most popular, yet remote area of the Adirondacks will convert 15,062 acres of land deeded as the Moose River Plains Recreation Area to APA/DEC Wilderness category, forever cutting off roads and all access except for use by the most athletic individuals. So-called "roadside camping," which is simply camping where the motor vehicle can be driven on a narrow dirt road to a parking spot close to the primitive encampment, will be restricted to a thin string one tenth of a mile wide on either side of Cedar River Road. In addition, Otter Brook Road and Indian Lake Road will be closed. The present number of camps of 170 will be reduced to 83. (Many camps have already been stealthily taken away, reducing the number from over 200.) Forty-nine miles of snowmobile trail will be closed and only 14 miles created.
"Statement in Opposition to the Lows Lake Classifications and Reclassifications"
- By Susan Allen, August 28, 2009
This succinct one-page statement covers a range of reasons why the Lows Lake Classifications and Reclassifications should not be approved. For instance: "Dams, roads and private inholdings contradict the description of the area as 'wilderness.'" Bias is indicated by the DEC's plan to increase the number of campsites for canoers, whereas campsites for hunters and families in the forest preserve are being greatly reduced.
"Statement in Opposition to Issuance of Tax-exempt Bonds to Finance The Nature Conservancy Acquisition of the former Finch, Pruyn & Co. Lands"
- By Carol W. LaGrasse, President, Property Rights Foundation of America, Inc., December 2, 2008 (Public Hearing held by the Colorado Educational and Cultural Facilities Authority, City of Glens Falls, N.Y.)
The proposed issuance of $45 million in tax exempt bonds by the Colorado authority to refinance The Nature Conservancy's borrowing to acquiring the 160,540 acres of Finch, Pruyn & Co. lands in the Adirondack "Park" should be disapproved by the IRS because the transfer of this acreage in fee simple and perpetual conservation easements will foreclose forever the development of these lands, further desiccating the economy and future of the communities. About 100 square miles of the tract, the finest timber producing land, would be transmitted in fee simple to become part of the "forever wild" Forest Preserve, where logging would be prohibited.
"Statement in Opposition to Proposed Warrensburg Sign Law"
- By Carol W. LaGrasse, President, Property Rights Foundation of America, Public Hearing, Warrensburg Town Hall, December 28, 2006
A sign law proposed by the Warrensburg Town Board was apparently targeted at two private homes where political statements were displayed. One target was Ted Galusha's house on New York State Route 9, where the wall facing southbound traffic is almost covered by a large display against the Adirondack Park Agency: a NO APA symbol above the URL of the Property Rights Foundation of America, www.prfamerica.org. If enforced, the proposed law would have been an unconstitutional infringement of speech.
"Statement in Support of Legislation to Reform Laws Governing Tax Exempt Properties"
- By Carol W. LaGrasse (PRFA, March 13, 2003)
Statement at Public Hearing of the N.Y. State Senate Committee on Local Government and Committee on Housing, Construction, and Community Development, at Lake Placid, N.Y. Discusses the tax shift to ordinary property owners caused by the exemption of non-profit organizations with often large land holdings
"Statement of Denis P. Galvin, ... National Park Service, Department of the Interior, Before the Subcommittee on National Parks,Forests, and Public Lands, House Committee on Natural Resources, Concerning H.R. 2949, A Bill to Establish the Augusta Canal National Heritage Corridor..."
- June 28, 1994
Official National Park Service statement in support of the bill, with recommendation that "designation shall not take effect until the Secretary of Interior approves the partnership compact for the heritage corridor." Asked that the bill be amended to require, among other features, "evidence of commitment to modify zoning regulations."
"Statement of Grievances to Protest the Adirondack Park Agency's Unjust Practices Affecting Adirondack Residents and Property Owners"
- PRFA, September 2005
"Statement Opposed to the Rerouting Snowmobile Trails in Jessup River Wild Forest"
- By Carol W. LaGrasse, PRFA, June 16, 2010
The proposed plan to reroute snowmobile trails in the Jessup River Wild Forest does not satisfy the Adirondack Park Agency law's requirement for balance. The elimination of trails, lake crossings, and spurs will threaten one of the few surviving businesses in Lake Pleasant, the Ox-Bow Inn on Route 8.
"Statement - Wilcox Lake Wild Forest"
- By Peter J. LaGrasse, Captain, Stony Creek Emergency Squad, & Chairman, Stony Creek Board of Assessors, DEC Meeting, Thurman Town Hall, March 8, 2002
Harrisburg Road should be cleared through beyond Moosewood Club and Baker's Clearing to Wells, other roads cleared, and a network of roads created for pickup trucks, which are what people drive to go fishing, ATVs for recreation, emergency use vehicles, and ambulances.
"Statement - Wilcox Lake Wild Forest"
- By Carol W. LaGrasse, President, Property of America, DEC Meeting, Thurman Town Hall, March 8, 2002
Swaths of open area should be cut as fire breaks. Ancient highways should be opened and trails widened for fire protection vehicles. Waite Road and other old roads should be opened to access State land. The State should reverse its anti-ATV policy. Cemetery access should be respected. The State's environmental review should include the cultural and economic impacts, not just biological aspects.
"State must help out on Medicaid"
- Robert Prentiss, Member of the New York State Assembly (Op Ed originally printed in Spotlight, October 15, 2003)
Counties can no longer fund the soaring cost of Medicaid on their real property tax base. The state should take over local medicaid costs within five years, no new unfunded Medicaid mandates should be allowed, and a Medicaid fraud bounty should be created. 
"State Senator John Bonacic Proposes Upper Delaware Greenway"
- PRFA, Summer 2004
Sen. John J. Bonacic (Rep., New Paltz) is proposing an Upper Delaware Greenway modeled after the State's Hudson River Greenway. The Independent Landowners Association, Long Eddy, whose president is Noel van Swol, is opposing the carrot-and-stick regional land use control scheme.
"Statute of Limitations on Violations of APA Act Proposed - Betty Little and Teresa Sayward Introduce Bill for
Ten-Year Limit"
- By Carol W. LaGrasse, (Reprinted from the New York Property Rights Clearinghouse, Summer 2003)
A bill introduced by Senator Betty Little and Assembly Member Teresa Sayward would relieve the perpetual insecurity of Adirondack property owners, granting them a statute of limitations for APA enforcements, just as criminals are afforded under the American system of law.
"Still a Town Highway"
- By Carol W. LaGrasse, Viewpoints, Hamilton County News, August 5, 2003
Nearly all town highways in upstate New York are "highways by use." Records have been poorly kept since the "pathmaster" system of many highway districts in each town ended in 1908. Justice in determining which old roads are highways is needed. Town boards should take the responsibility for determining the full extent of their town's highway system.
"St. Lawrence County Officials and Sportsmen Unite to Save Clubs — Stillwater Club Meeting Focuses on Keeping Hancock Tracts in
Private Hands"
- By Carol W. LaGrasse (PRFA, April 20, 2003
Now that the 71,500-acre Hancock timberlands are being offered for sale, local officials, community leaders, and sportsmen are determined to avoid a repeat of the Champion International deal, where 298 hunting camps are slated for demolition to start soon on the 139,000 acres that the State acquired in 1999 in fee simple and conservation easements.
Stony Creek Town Board Resolution—New York State DEC Unit Management Plan For the Wilcox Lake Wild Forest
- February 26, 2002

Stopping Government Land Acquisition

- Index page of information about how to stop government acquisition of land and defend the local culture and economy.
"Stop Strangling the North Country"
- By Carol W. LaGrasse (PRFA, March 18, 2008)
The Governor should reject the privately negotiated land deal between the DEC and The Nature Conservancy to acquire 57,699 acres of productive land that was formerly owned by Finch, Pruyn and Co. of Glens Falls for the "forever wild" Adirondack Forest Preserve and 73,627 acres of conservation easements, the bulk of the rest of the Finch, Pruyn land. Adding these vast acreages to the 3 million acres of Forest Preserve and nearly 700,000 acres of DEC conservation easements will further squeeze the economy and future of the North Country
"Strawberry Guava Bio-control Plan Full of Bugs"
- By Sydney Ross Singer, President, Good Shepherd Foundation, Inc., November 8, 2008
The government of Hawaii intends to loose an invasive insect, a Brazilian scale (Tectococcus ovatus), as a bio-control to eradicate the strawberry guava (waiawi), which has been on Hawaii for 200 years, because it is an "invasive species." The Brazilian scale would be allowed to spread throughout the islands and eradicate the well-loved, useful ornamental fruit tree on both private and government-owned land, to no reasonable purpose and significant risk.
Structure of Biosphere Reserves
- Diagram—Inside, Beyond or Entirely Separate from the National Park System, "a global network of protected areas to conserve representative examples of the world's ecosystems" reprinted from Positions on Property, Vol. 2, No. 1 (Jan. 1995).
Suburbs Surround 80-Year Old Farmer in Guilderland,
New York
- Sanitizing A Scruffy Farm from Another Era, Town Officials Enforce New Suburbanites' Distaste for Pigs, Sheep, Odor, and Old Cars.
"Successful Copyright Defense against the
National Wildlife Federation"
-By John C. Gile, Author and Publisher, Rockford, Illinois. Speech to the Ninth Annual National Conference on Private Property Rights (PRFA, Albany, N.Y., October 22, 2005)
The National Wildlife Federation pirated John C. Gile's copyrighted children's book, The First Forest, and distributed it to 547,000 homes, libraries, and schools. "Remember, copyright, intellectual property, is the driving force for our nation's economy," said John Gile, who is seeking Justice Department prosecution of criminal violations of the Constitution's copyright provision.
"Suffolk County Homeowner Commits Suicide After Being Evicted for Tax Default"
- Reprinted from N.Y. Property Rights Clearinghouse, Vol. 8, No. 4 (PRFA, Fall 2004)
Sullying Title
- An article by Carol W. LaGrasse that explains TDR's (Transferable Development Rights) and their effect on private property. Reprinted from "Worth Commenting," New York Property Rights Clearinghouse (Vol. 3., No. 2, April - July 1996)
"Summary Judgement over Survey Maps in Property Encroachment"
- By Edwin Navin, Montreal, Canada, and Property Owner in Saranac, N.Y., Select Citizen's Panel - Brief Presentation, Twelfth Annual National Conference on Private Property Rights (PRFA, Albany, N.Y., October 18, 2008)
Mr. Navin discussed a critical aspect of his case, Navin v. Mosquera, which also involved the Adirondack Park Agency and the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. His surveyor showed that the bridge built by his neighbor Mosquera encroached over the boundary, but the court accepted Mosquera's survey claiming there was no encroachment and awarded a summary judgment without hearing the evidence.
Sunbeam Club 
- Photos of the Sunbeam Hunting Club slated for demolition by New York State.
Support the PRFA!
- An explanation of the work of the PRFA and how you can support it.
"Supreme Court Denies Tax Exemption on Oneidas' Reacquired Homelands"
- By Carol W. LaGrasse (PRFA, July 2005)
In the case City of Sherrill v. Oneida Indian Nation of New York, the U.S. Supreme Court decided on March 29, 2005, that the Oneida Indians will have to abide by the laws of New York State and local government within its reacquired ancestral lands, because it waited too long to repurchase the lands and assert sovereignty over them. The Oneidas will have to pay real estate taxes.
"The Supreme Court's Protection of Private Property Rights: The Founders' Dream, the Owner's Nightmare"
- By Roger Pilon, J.D., Ph.D., Vice President for Legal Affairs and Director, Center for Constitutional Studies, Cato Institute, Eleventh Annual National Conference on Private Property Rights (PRFA, Albany, N.Y., October 13, 2007)
Roger Pilon presents an overview of private property rights, beginning with first principles, including a discussion of the history of the founding documents, followed by the police power and eminent domain power; then four scenarios of government restrictionsgovernment actions that reduce the value of private property, regulation to stop nuisance, regulatory takings, and full eminent domain; and finally the four categories of eminent domain: transfer to the public, transfer to a private owner for public utilities and the like, condemnation for blight reduction, and transfer to another private party for economic development. Highlights of court rulings illustrate how the Progressive Era led to today's regulatory state.
Supreme Court Rejects "Categorical" Compensation for Temporary Taking
- Lake Tahoe Planning Agency Took only a "Temporal Slice" of the Property Interest, Planning board may impose lengthy building moratorium.
By Carol W. LaGrasse.
Surmounting Tourism's
Zoning Hurdles
- Speech by James E. Morgan from Proceedings of the Fourth Annual New York Conference on Private Property Rights (1999).
 Swamped—How America Achieved "No Net Loss"
- Speech by Jonathan Tolman from Proceedings of the Fourth Annual New York Conference on Private Property Rights (PRFA, 1999).

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