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Bill of Rights
Amendment I to the Constitution of the United States of America

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof;
or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assembly,
and to petition the Government for redress of grievances.

New information added on April 15, 2007

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See Also
See Also

APA (Adirondack Park Agency)

New York Citizens Strategies for Defending Private Property Rights

Cultural Eradication - New York

Defeating Zoning and Building Codes - New York

Hidden Government

Scenic Byways and All-American Roads - New York

Additional Resources
Additional Resources

"No APA" sign

"NO APA Sign Adorns House on State Route 9" - Photo Gallery and brief article, by Peter and Carol LaGrasse, and Ted Galusha,
August 2005.
Ted Galusha, the president of Adirondackers for Access, and a Warrensburg homeowner, gathered a group of people who are disgusted with the Adirondack Park Agency to raise a big NO APA sign on his house.

"A Property Rights Primer — How to Educate Yourself"
- By Susan Allen, Keene Valley, N.Y. (PRFA, December 10, 2002)
Don't rely on others. If you have been hit with a property rights issue, "you need to become very knowledgeable in a very great hurry." This primer by an expert tells you how to gather information about government programs and land ownership without any prior background.


American Civil Liberties Union
Advocating individual rights by
litigating, legislating, and educating the public on a broad array of issued
affecting individual freedom.

New York State Committee on Open Government
The Committee on Open Government is responsible for overseeing and advising with regard to the Freedom o Information, Open Meetings and Personal Privacy Protection Laws.
41 State Street
Albany, NY 12231
(518) 494-2518


In-Depth Information

  • Carol W. LaGrasse"PRFA is Forced to Defend Its Freedom of Speech" - By Carol W. LaGrasse, PRFA, January 2007.
    The Warrensburg Town Board tried to slip through a severe sign ordinance at the end of the year that would have prohibited the big sign with the symbol "NO APA" and the PRFA web site URL on Ted Galusha's house on Route 9. The townspeople got angry.
  • "Statement in Opposition to Proposed Warrensburg Sign Law" - By Carol W. LaGrasse, President, Property Rights Foundation of America, Public Hearing, Warrensburg Town Hall, December 28, 2006
    A sign law proposed by the Warrensburg Town Board was apparently targeted at two private homes where political statements were displayed. One target was Ted Galusha's house on New York State Route 9, where the wall facing southbound traffic is almost covered by a large display against the Adirondack Park Agency: a NO APA symbol above the URL of the Property Rights Foundation of America, If enforced, the proposed law would have been an unconstitutional infringement of speech.
  • "Letter in Opposition to Article VI Sign Standards" -By Thomas J. Birkholz, Secretary, & Carol Birkholz, Chairwoman, Warren County Conservative Party, Public Hearing, Warrensburg Town Hall, December 28, 2006 (Used by permission)
    The First Amendment provides, "Congress shall make no lawabridging the freedom of speech, or of the press." In 1994, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down a Missouri city law prohibiting signs at private residences. The unanimous decision rejected the ordinance in City of Ladue v. Gilleo, writing that residential yard signs were "a venerable means of communication that is both unique and important."
  • "The Freedom of Information Request" (With Sample Letter) - By Carol W. LaGrasse (PRFA Background Brief, December 2004)
    Knowledge is the first key to success in defending private property rights. Although based on New York and federal freedom of information law, this article has important information applicable anywhere in the United States.

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