Property Rights Foundation of America®
Founded 1994

International Property Rights

New information added on February 5, 2014

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Updates and News Briefs

"At the U.N., Three of World's Poorest Countries Thank U.S. for Help Streamlining Bureaucracy" - News Brief, PRFA, Summer 2009

Mont Pelerin Society Essay Competition - Feb. 2007

See Also
See Also

Biosphere Reserves and World Heritage Sites

Endangered Species - National

Eminent Domain - National

National Park Service - National

Privacy - National

Essential Books & Publications
Essential Books
& Publications

Who Owns Britain - The Hidden Facts Behind Landownership in the UK and Ireland
By Kevin Cahill (Canongate Books, 14 High Street, Edinburgh EH1 1TE)
The fruit of years of research, Kevin Cahill's investigations reveal how the 6000 or so aristocratic names who together own about 40 million acres — more than half the country — have maintained their grip on land of Britain right through the twentieth century.

Who Owns the World
By Kevin Cahill
To be published autumn 2005

Economic Freedom of the World - 2004 Annual Report
By James Gwartney & Robert Lawson
The Fraser Institute (2004)
The key ingredients of economic freedom are personal choice, voluntary exchange, freedom to compete, and protection of persons and property. Economic Freedom of the World is the most comprehensive index of economic freedom in the world and the only one that uses reproducible measures appropriate for peer-reviewed research..

Economic Freedom of the World - 2003 Annual Report,
James Gwartney & Robert Lawson, with Neil Emerick, Frazer Institute, Van Couver, Canada (2003)

Eco-Imperialism: Green Power, Black Death
By Paul K. Driessen (2003)
"The environmental movement I helped found has lost its objectivity, morality and humanity. The pain and suffering it is inflicting on families in developing countries must no longer be tolerated. Eco-Imperialism is the first book I've seen that tells the truth and lays it on the line. It's a must-read for anyone who cares about people, progress and our planet." - Patrick Moore, Greenpeace co-founder.

Additional Resources
Additional Resources

Fraser Institute
An independent Canadian economic and social research and educational organization, with the
objective of redirection of public attention to the role of competitive markets in providing for the
well-being of Canadians.
Publishers of Economic Freedom of the World - Annual Report, many other books and publications
address & website

Michael R. Hubert
Shabnam Resources


Institute for Trade, Standards, and Sustainable Development
Providing an informed, reasoned, and dispassionate voice to the global public debate.
address & website

Center for Civil Society, India
The Center for Civil Society is an independent, non-profit, research and educational organization founded in 1997 and devoted to improving the quality of life for all citizens of India.
Web site:
Paul Driessen, Founder and author
The environmental movement is intolerant and inflexible in its demands and insensitive to the needs of billions of people who lack the food, electricity, safe water, health care, and other basic necessities.

Initiative for Public Policy Analysis
Thompson Ayodele, Director
Lagos, Nigeria
IPPA is a private, non-profit organization involved in research, education, and publication on matters affecting the freedom of individuals. Its objective is to provide market-oriented analysis of current and emerging policy issues, with a view to influencing the public debate and the political decision-making process.
address & website

Links to International News Agency Reports

"Beijing enshrines private property"
By Chris Buckley/NYT
International Herald Tribune
March 15, 2004

"Can Iraq Succeed Without Private Property Protections?"
- By Cheryl K. Chumley, American Policy Center, Guest Commentary, Published by
March 16, 2004
The Law of the Administration of the State of Iraq, which has been created under U.S. influence, states, "Public property is sacrosanct and its protection is the duty of every citizen," but private property rights protections are not strong enough.


In-Depth Information

"Setting the Record Straight on Wolves," Book review by Carol W. LaGrasse, president of Property Rights Foundation of America, Inc., January 2014. Review of:
The Real Wolf: The Science, Politics, and Economics of Co-existing with Wolves in Modern Times, By Ted B. Lyon and Will N. Graves, (Publ. Far Country Press, Helena, Mt. or 1-877-Ted-Lyon, 368 pp., oversize, color photos, maps. Softcover $21.00. Hardcover $30.00)
A review can only hint at the depth and importance of this masterpiece setting the record straight about wolves. It awaits world-wide readers who long to know the truth about wolves. In its twenty-one chapters devoted to essential topics by individual authors, The Real Wolf presents an encyclopedia array of information about the history and nature of wolves, as well as the army of methods by which the wolf was sold to the general public and the tragic effects on livestock producers and on wildlife since introduction of the Canadian wolf to the Northern Rockies.
  • Bonner Cohen, Ph.D."Energy Abundance or Poverty: The Choice of a Century" - By Bonner R. Cohen, Ph.D., Senior Fellow, National Center for Public Policy Research & Senior Policy Analyst, Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow, Washington, D.C., address to the Sixteenth Annual National Conference on Private Property Rights (PRFA, Latham, N.Y., October 20, 2012)
    The promise of energy independence took Bonner Cohen, Ph.D., on a breathtaking overview of rural economies in states such as North Dakota since the development of oil and gas resources in shale. The "shale revolution," as Dr. Bonner referred to it, combined with changing demographics, is also upending the power relations of nations and continents, with Russia notably facing the specter of Europe's capacity to produce its own energy, and China posturing against Vietnam over oil and gas-rich islands in the South China Sea. Will the United States succumb to the demonization of shale gas by environmentalists and relegate management of these resources on private property to Washington, or will the promise of prosperity be fulfilled through wise utilization and local regulation at the state level?
U.S. FlagFlag of Canada "Saving Land: Who Benefits and Who Loses" - by Susan Allen, A book review of Eco-Fascists: How Radical Conservationists Are Destroying Our National Heritage by Elizabeth Nickson (N.Y.: Harper Collins 2012)
How the environmental movement broke the rural economy. The result of an international journalist's research across North America and beyond after she delved into what was behind the preservationist obstruction of the building of her eco-sensitive house in British Columbia.
U.S. FlagFlag of CanadaCarol W. LaGrasse"DEC's Wolf Scheming" - By Carol W. LaGrasse, March 2012 (Reprinted from New York Property Rights Clearinghouse, Winter 2011-2012, PRFA)
DEC's voluminous Strategic Plan for the State Forests (August 2010) and its 110-page June 2011 letter to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service demonstrate the state's official policy to accomplish wolf recovery in New York State and the Northeast.
Flag of CanadaJigs Gardner"The American Frontier & Private Property Rights: A Personal Journey" - By Jigs Gardner, Farmer and Writer Essex, New York, Fifteenth Annual National Conference on Private Property Rights (PRFA, Latham, N.Y., October 29, 2011)
Jigs Gardner found in historical differences the explanation for the contrast between the proud self-reliance of Americans and the dependency on government of Canadians in Nova Scotia, where he moved from Vermont with his wife Jo Ann to establish a farm in 1970.
U.S. FlagWill N. GravesFlag of Russia"The Truth about Wolf Reintroduction: What the U.S. Can Learn from Russian Wolves," Address by Will N. Graves, Author Wolves in Russia, Fifteenth Annual National Conference on Private Property Rights, Latham, N.Y., October 29, 2011 (Property Rights Foundation of America, Inc.)
In this very concise summary, Will Graves systematically refutes some of the claims that wolves would have no significant impact when their reintroduction was planned for Yellowstone National Park: The actual impact included devastating impact on hunting; the elk population and many other species are decimated. He also countered claim that wolves cull only the sick and old.
United Nations World Heritage Sites Casey Hammond- Report of Speech by Casey Hammond, Staff, U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on National Resources, Thirteenth Annual National Conference on Private Property Rights (Property Rights Foundation of America, Inc., October 9, 2009, Holiday Inn, Lake George, N.Y.)
  • "The Proposed Law of the Sea Treaty: A Threat to Private Property Rights" - Lawrence Kogan, Esq., J.D., LLM, The Institute for International Trade, Standards and Sustainable Development (ITSSD), Princeton, New Jersey, Eleventh Annual National Conference on Private Property Rights (PRFA, Albany, N.Y., October 13, 2007)
    The Law of the Sea Treaty is the largest regulatory treaty ever conceived, but has just missed ratification by the United States. Instead of clarifying maritime law, it would change it fundamentally. Freedom of navigation would be hindered, because it is capitalist. Deep-sea mining rights would not go to miners, but would be redistributed. Environmental rules based on "sustainable development" and the "precautionary principle" would supersede private property rights, even within the United States, because pollution could theoretically flow to the oceans.
  • John Berlau"The Craze of Environmental Irrationality" - By John Berlau, Director, Center for Entrepreneurship, Competitive Enterprise Institute, Washington, D.C.; Eleventh Annual National Conference on Private Property Rights (PRFA, Albany, N.Y., October 13, 2007)
    Environmentalism is dominated by disdain for human life, grounded in Rachel Carson's vilification of DDT and thus arguably causing more deaths from malaria and other insect-borne diseases than from any other cause during the twentieth century. A recent local example of this disdain for human life was the death of Alfred Langner from exposure while trapped in his car for 2 days after an auto accident, unable to reach help because his cell phone had no reception on the Interstate Northway because environmentalists banned cell towers.
  • Ellen McClay"A Word about UNESCO" - By Ellen McClay, Author, Arizona; Eleventh Annual National Conference on Private Property Rights (PRFA, Albany, N.Y., October 13, 2007)
    Tracing her involvement back to the fifties, author Ellen McClay refers to individuals, including Alger Hiss and Secretary of State Dean Achenson, who were involved with UNESCO's role in changing textbooks in the United States to derogate Washington and the founding fathers, as well as private property rights, while substituting Marxist values.
"Malaria: Anti-DDT policies are deadly"- By Thompson Ayodele & Adegoke Anthony (Posted by permission of Thompson Ayodele, Director, Initiative for Public Policy Analysis, Shomolu, Lagos, Nigeria, July 2007)
"…Africa became a sacrifice zone, where environmental ideologies demand that only politically correct tools like bednets be used to prevent the disease that is still the biggest single killer of our children."
U.S. Flag"U.S. Private Property Rights Under International Assault" - By Lawrence A. Kogan, Esq., Institute for Trade, Standards and Sustainable Development, Presented at the Tenth Annual National Conference on Private Property Rights, Albany, New York, October 14, 2006, sponsored by the Property Rights Foundation of America
Left-leaning foreign governments, activists and academics are waging a campaign against the American free market, private property, and science and economics-based regulatory systems. The non-scientific Precautionary Principle, which has assumed regulatory status in Europe, means banning whole classes of products, substances and activities from entering the marketplace if it is merely possible, absent any scientific risk analysis, that they or the processes used for their manufacture might cause uncertain health or environmental harm sometime in the future.
U.S. FlagFred V. Grau, Jr."Invasive Species—Regulation by Fraud"-By Fred V. Grau, Jr., President Grasslyn, Inc., Tenth Annual National Conference on Private Property Rights (PRFA, Albany, N.Y., October 14, 2006)
Invasive species rules are already having negative impact on ranchers, farmers, sportsmen, and boaters. "White listing" in accord with the precautionary principle requires that you have to prove that a species doesn't cause harm before you can trade in it. The concept of "biological pollution" is starting to bring U.S. EPA jurisdiction over aquatic invasive species. Invasive species laws are a federal funding mechanism to The Nature Conservancy.
Nate DickinsonFlag of Great Britain "Out-foxing the Foxes" - By Nathaniel R. Dickinson (PRFA, May 4, 2006)
A "rather universal human tolerance for the wild kingdom, fueled by the radical environmental movement," has generated such unwelcome neighbors as foxes in Britain's cities, aggressive bear in New Jersey suburbs, and uncontrolled deer populations causing millions of damage to agricultural crops and motor vehicles, including human fatalities.
Flag of ChinaThree Gorges Probe - Eradicating Shangri-La
  • "Wishes and Horses for Africa-The Lethal Chasm Between Wind Energy Hype and Reality"- By Paul Driessen (January 2005, Used by Permission)
    International environmentalists promote costly, ecologically unsound wind energy for developing countries, pressuring banks and energy companies to abandon projects that would create reliable sources of abundant, reliable, affordable electricity and other means to give desperately poor people the basic necessities that wealthy countries take for granted.
Richard MiniterFlag of Belgium"International Property Rights and How to Win in This Country" - By Richard Miniter, Founder and President, Brussels Institute, Brussels, Belgium; Speech to the Eighth Annual Conference on Private Property Rights (PRFA, Albany, N.Y. October 23, 2004)
Property rights are already lost in Europe, but in the United States only a few battles have been lost. It is time to win. Modeled after successful movements, Richard Miniter's ten steps to win start with recruiting a legislative champion.
Flag of India"A Movement to Empower Small Farmers in India"
- By Carol W. LaGrasse (PRFA, August 2003)
Michael Hubert, a village leader in the area of the city of Madras, India, is bringing together village and city women. His organization, Shabnam Resources, is concerned about farmers giving up because of low income, debt, water scarcity, and the bigger companies and industries acquiring the lands.

Village and city women at meeting.

Farming Solidarity Photo Gallery
Flag of Zimbabwe"Private Conservation of Wildlife in Africa" - By Brian Seasholes, Speech to the Sixth Annual New York Conference on Private Property Rights (PRFA, November 16, 2002)
The creation of property rights to wildlife in southern Africa caused wildlife to burgeon on private lands. In Zimbabwe, the black rhinoceros, lions, elephants, and imperiled wild dogs migrated to conservancies, where they multiplied.
Flag of Great Britain"Nationalization of Land—A Wake-Up Call" - by Nate Dickinson, Wildlife Biologist (PRFA, Aug. 15, 2002)
"Environmental Policy" is the mantra for nationalization of land in Britain and the U.S.  
Flag of Canada"Bias Fear or Biosphere — The Proposed Bay of Fundy Biosphere Reserve" — Guest editorial by Douglas Boddy, Advocate Harbour, Nova Scotia, Canada (April, 2002)
The proposed designation of the Bay of Fundy Biosphere Reserve threatens people and sovereignty. It would include five counties, over 180,000 people, and approximately 900,000 hectares (2,225,000 acres).
Flag of Japan"Japan Recruits the Unemployed to Inventory Wildlife-Modern Version of 'New Deal' Makes Work in Environment and Education" -By Carol W. LaGrasse (PRFA, March 20, 2002)
Is it possible that poor urban jobless in the U.S. could have access to the environmental job market by starting out in unskilled outdoor work now done by volunteers and government researchers in natural areas?
European Union Flag"European Union Institutes Dawn Raids-'Powerless' EU's Warrantless Searches Can Lead to Heavy Fines"- Carol W. LaGrasse (PRFA, March 2002)
Where is the fundamental right to privacy going under the European Union?
Flag of Russia"Russians May Own Land-President Putin Signs Landownership Bill Passed by Both Houses of Parliament"-By Carol W. LaGrasse,
Reprinted from New York Property Rights Clearinghouse, Vol. 5, No. 2, Fall 2001.
Flag of Great Britain"Britain's Exmoor National Park to Ban Second Homes—New Rules to Fight Gentrification"-By Carol W. LaGrasse, February 28, 2002.
British authorities proposed a radical solution in September 2001 to the increase in the cost of homes to over $250,000 in the national park in southwestern England. Will this idea come to the U.S.A.?
Flag of Canada"Maybe Someone Should Spend More Time Consulting the Grizzly" - By Nate Dickinson, Wildlife Biologist, Altamont, N.Y. 1994
Grizzlies are much more tolerant of human interaction than environmentalists allege. Furthermore, they range across a great reserve of parks in western Canada, where they are fully protected.

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