Property Rights Foundation of America®

compiled by Carol W. LaGrasse, from Positions on Property, Vol. 1 No. 3

The Enormous National Park System

 Areas Officially Owned and Administered
by the National Park System(1)

  Classification Number  Acreage(2)
 1. International Historic Site  1  36
 2. National Battlefields  11  13,143
 3. National Battlefield Parks  3  8,728
 4. National Battlefield Sites  1  1
 5. National Historic Sites  72  19,821
 6. National Historical Parks  36  159,627
 7. National Lakeshores  4  228,746
 8. National Memorials  26  7,951
 9. National Military Parks  9  37,882
 10. National Monuments  76  4,787,744
 11. National Parks  51  47,783,680
 12. National Parkways  4  170,547
 13. National Preserves  14  22,332,830
 14. National Recreation Areas  18  3,699,551
 15. National Reserves  2  22,407
16. National Rivers(3)  6  362,152
 17. National Scenic Trails
(long distance trails including above administered by National Park Service = 14, totalling 27,000 miles)(4)
3 176,352
 18. National Seashores  10  592,532
 19. National Wild and Scenic River and Riverways(5)  9  212,682
 20. Without Designation(6)  11  46,809
       
  Totals Dec. 31, 1992  367  80,663,217

 

 Areas Over Which the National Park Service Exerts Influence but Does Not Directly Administer
The influence of the National Park Service over the areas below has been officially implemented by Acts of Congress. (7)

  Classification Number  Acreage
 1. National Register of Historic Places
including National Historic Districts
(containing over 800,000 historically significant resources)
58,000  unavailable
 2. National Heritage Corridors (as of 1994) 6(8) undetermined
 3. National Memorials, non-Federally
owned National Historic Sites
and others
19(9) undetermined
 4. National Trail System(10) 800 9,000 miles long
 5. National Natural Landmarks
Designated
Backlog undesignated
600
3,000
over 90 million
acres total(11)
 6. National Historic Landmarks
(included in #1 above)
2,000 unavailable
 7. U.N. Biosphere Reserves (as of 1991) 47 51 million acres

(1) Acreages include "inholdings" of some private land and State-owned land.
(2) As of December 31, 1992. The National Parks: Index 1993, U.S. Department of Interior p13
(3) National Park System units only
(4) Ibid. pp 115 - 118.
(5) National Park System units and components of the Wild and Scenic Rivers system.
(6) includes White House, National Mall, and other areas.
(7) with the exception of National Natural Landmarks, which were implemented by regulation, and the Biosphere Reserves, which are under Department of State and coordinated unofficially by the National Park Service.
(8) Does not include 100-odd proposed regional "American Heritage Areas" or study areas, such as the Mississippi River Corridor
(9) "All draw on financial or technical aid from the NPS." NPS Index 1993, pp 97-101
(10) 1993 NPS Index, p115.
(11) Erich Veyhl "Federal 'Heritage' Act Threatens Civil Rights" Land Rights Letter Jan/Feb 1993, p7

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