by the National Park System(1)
|1.||International Historic Site||1||36|
|3.||National Battlefield Parks||3||8,728|
|4.||National Battlefield Sites||1||1|
|5.||National Historic Sites||72||19,821|
|6.||National Historical Parks||36||159,627|
|9.||National Military Parks||9||37,882|
|14.||National Recreation Areas||18||3,699,551|
National Scenic Trails
(long distance trails including above administered by National Park Service = 14, totalling 27,000 miles)(4)
|19.||National Wild and Scenic River and Riverways(5)||9||212,682|
|Totals Dec. 31, 1992||367||80,663,217|
The influence of the National Park Service over the areas below has been officially implemented by Acts of Congress. (7)
National Register of Historic Places
including National Historic Districts
(containing over 800,000 historically significant resources)
|2.||National Heritage Corridors (as of 1994)||6(8)||undetermined|
National Memorials, non-Federally
owned National Historic Sites
|4.||National Trail System(10)||800||9,000 miles long|
National Natural Landmarks
over 90 million
National Historic Landmarks
(included in #1 above)
|7.||U.N. Biosphere Reserves (as of 1991)||47||51 million acres|
Acreages include "inholdings" of some private land and
(2) As of December 31, 1992. The National Parks: Index 1993, U.S. Department of Interior p13
(3) National Park System units only
(4) Ibid. pp 115 - 118.
(5) National Park System units and components of the Wild and Scenic Rivers system.
(6) includes White House, National Mall, and other areas.
(7) with the exception of National Natural Landmarks, which were implemented by regulation, and the Biosphere Reserves, which are under Department of State and coordinated unofficially by the National Park Service.
(8) Does not include 100-odd proposed regional "American Heritage Areas" or study areas, such as the Mississippi River Corridor
(9) "All draw on financial or technical aid from the NPS." NPS Index 1993, pp 97-101
(10) 1993 NPS Index, p115.
(11) Erich Veyhl "Federal 'Heritage' Act Threatens Civil Rights" Land Rights Letter Jan/Feb 1993, p7