Property Rights Foundation of America®

Carol W. LaGrasse, from Positions on Property, Vol. 3, No. 1, Jan. 1996

Government Feeding Itself
Heritage Area Players
Major Federal Agencies Involved

1. National Park Service
  The National Heritage Area program is under the auspices of the National Park Service.
  Unlike National Parks, National Rivers, National Recreation Areas and the other "administrative units" of the Park Service, where land is owned outright by the Park Service, the National Heritage Areas are to be greenways where land use is controlled by a state regional entity under a management contract with the Secretary of Interior, at least initially. Various federal, state and locally owned "heritage" sites are part of a Heritage tourism program linked by scenic byways and the like, continuous hiking and bicycling trails are developed on old rail beds and elsewhere, and much land is acquired by non-profit land trusts and state and federal government for natural restoration.
  Member, Mississippi Corridor Study Commission, whose study duties include the gamut of: Vegetation and Biomass, National Natural Landmarks, General History and Prehistory, Architectural Character and Cultural Landscape, Major Literary Themes and Work, Ethnic Communities, Music and Art, National Historic Landmarks, National Registers, Railroads, Roads and Bridges, and General Settlement Patterns.
  The National Park Service also assists in developing river protection, trails and conservation plans for Heritage areas at all stages.
2. National Trust for Historic Preservation
  (Private non-profit organization chartered and largely funded by federal government)
  The nationwide center for the National Heritage Area program and numerous other heritage areas spawned the National Heritage Area Coalition with other related groups.
3. Department of Transportation including Federal Highway Administration
  Rails-to-Trails. Scenic Byways. These can be part of, or connect, or evolve into National Heritage Areas. Canal restoration for recreational tourism and natural resource purposes.
  ISTEA funding (Intermodal Surface Transportation and Efficiency Act) for Heritage projects, Scenic By-Ways, and Rails-to-Trails as environmental "mitigations" for genuine transportation projects.
4. National Endowment for the Arts
  Helped fund 16 Heritage corridors, among other support.
5. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
  Navigation, wetlands preservation, hydrology, flood history and management. Thirteen million acres of farmland may be considered for three feet deep wetlands restoration as a preventative for future Mississippi River flooding.
  Member Mississippi River Corridor Study Commission.
6. U.S. Department of Interior - Fish and Wildlife Service
  Flyways, fisheries, wildlife refuges. Biodiversity surveys. Endangered, threatened and rare species preservation.
  Member, Mississippi River Corridor Study Commission.
7. U.S. Coast Guard
  Navigation, marine industry. Member, Mississippi River Corridor Study Commission.
8. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  Environmental issues, pollution.
9. U.S. Department of Commerce - Economic Development
  Industries adjacent to water. Member, Mississippi River Corridor Study Commission
10. U.S. Department of State
  Potential involvement if National Heritage Areas are upgraded to U.N. World Heritage Sites

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